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December 12, 2020

dandelion species uk

Section Spectabilia includes one common and widespread but very plastic species viz. a radiator). There are several fun and interesting dandelion facts that shed light on different aspects of this plant. Taxonomists argue over which species is which. The plasticity of dandelions is such that it takes a great deal of experience to learn what a species can ‘do’, and there are a great many of them. BSBI Handbook number 9, Dandelions of the British Isles (Dudman & Richards 1997) is the standard source of reference. In the Language of Flowers, Dandelion stands for faithfulness and happiness. Dandelion-and-burdock is a popular fizzy drink made in the north of England. a common wild flower - the dandelion. Registered as a charity in England and Wales (1152954) and Scotland (SC038675) and as a company in England & Wales (8553976). It has been found in prehistoric deposits, and is recorded up to 2,700 ft in Britain. Flowerheads usually yellow, solitary borne on hollow scape (stem). The BSBI's expert referee for dandelions has more than 50 years experience of studying and identifying these difficult plants. Common dandelion. They grow wild all over Europe, the US and Asia. E: [email protected] The term has since died out in French (except in Swiss French), but compare Spanish diente de león, Portuguese dente-de-leão, Italian dente di leone, German Löwenzahn, Norwegian Bokmål løvetann, all descendants or loan translations of the Latin term. Dandelion is said to be one of the five bitter herbs that Jews were required to eat during the Feast of Passover. Whether it goes by the name dandelion, cankerwort, puffball or lion's tooth, the hundreds of plants in the genus Taraxacum typically have a bad reputation with gardeners. Leaves produced later will be the ‘summer’ leaves, and are usually larger and not of typical shape. Digital images to accompany specimens can markedly enhance their value as characters lost or obscured by pressing can be assessed and pictures should be taken at the time of collection. The whole plant should be collected (single leaves and heads are not of much use), but specimens should be excised at the top of the root. Highly Nutritious. The dandelion is back again, doing what it does best: invading. Dandelions look best growing alongside other low growing meadow plants such as Lawn Daisy, Speedwell, Bulbous Buttercup, Self heal, Forget-me-nots, Birdsfoot trefoil, and Cowslips. Images should be numbered with the collecting number. In terms of nutritional content, the dandelion patch in your … T: 07725 862 957 Bright yellow discs of tightly packed florets above a rosette of jaggedly toothed leaves are followed by fluffy white seed heads. Here are some of the more common varieties of dandelion plants: Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. Contact Josh on Twitter with your dandelion enquiries. Dandelions are widespread and stable throughout the British Isles. John Richards, co-author of the BSBI Handbook, has started preparing accounts of all the dandelion species, starting with a selection in section Ruderalia. Taraxacum is found throughout the British Isles and over 200 microspecies has been identified. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. If you are serious about dandelion identification, we recommend that you join BSBI. Privacy & data protection | Safeguarding policy Arthur Chater has compiled general advice on collecting and pressing specimens. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. It is then easily pressed (after gently shaking to remove excess water), but additional changes of drying paper are required. Bright yellow discs of tightly packed florets above a rosette of jaggedly toothed leaves are followed by fluffy white seed heads. Dandelion Taraxacum officinale A common sight in spring, these bright yellow wild flowers can look quite exotic and the fluffy seed heads that follow are delicate and ethereal. Field Identification Skills Certificate (FISC), Online Atlas of the British & Irish Flora, introduction to collecting dandelion specimens, Dandelions (Taraxacum) of Britain and Ireland. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called " dandelion "), is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). It attracted 305 participants. Dandelion inhabits different habitats that provide enough sunlight: meadows, grasslands, edges of the forests, gardens and lawns. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. The yello… Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale. There are around three hundred different species and they grow in the temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America but are also found in most areas of the world including Canada, New Zealand and Australia. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. Dandelion is a low growing species with a long flowering period from March to October. Dandelion seeds reveal newly discovered form of natural flight: Why the plant is among the best fliers in the natural world. View abstract. The BSBI is for everyone who cares about the wild plants of Britain and Ireland. The dandelion species is not easy to contain. leaf colour (shade of green), and whether blotched or spotted. Dandelions have at least two look-a-likes in our area, which can be considered second cousins once, maybe twice, removed from the common dandelion (or what I like to call true dandelion), which is naturalized from Europe. Shining like guineas with the sun's warm eye on,We almost think they are gold as we pass,Or fallen stars in a green sea of grass. It is said that there are over 250 species of dandelion in existence, though the variety known as “common dandelion” (Taraxacum officinale) is the one that is most likely populating your lawn and garden. I hope to discover more. T. lacistophyllum, T. rubicundum, T. argutum, T. inopinatum, T. faeroense, T. euryphyllum, T. pseudolarssonii, T. luteum, T. unguilobum, T. nordstedtii, T. bracteatum, T. subbracteatum, T. hamatum, T. pseudohamatum, T. exacutum, T. ancistrolobum, etc.). This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Dandelion Drinks. (three endemics are present in Shetland and one on St Kilda). 2 The leaves of the plant are considered to be very nutritious and can be eaten as a salad or fresh vegetable. Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. petiole colour, midrib colour (underneath). Dandelions have many uses including as a diuretic, the blanched leaves can be added to salads, roots are used to make dandelion ‘coffee’ and dandelion wine is made from the flowers. Richards. Telling them apart is a real specialist’s job, and the chances are your wildflower guide won’t even attempt to help you try. Dandelions are quite resilient and, as such, … Since 1836, we've been promoting the study, understanding and enjoyment of British and Irish botany. We usually send them once a month. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. Other names for dandelion … Taraxacum officinale, dandelion’s botanical name, has been derived from some Greek words referring to the medicinal characteristics of this species. The plasticity of dandelions is such that it takes a great deal of experience to learn what a species can ‘… The dandelion could almost be an evergreen plant as it seems to grow year-round — at least whenever the temperature stays above freezing. From French dent-de-lion (“lion's tooth”), also in Late Latin dēns leōnis. An Introduction to Dandelions or watch the presentation on YouTube. Conversely, the presence of some sections says a lot about the quality of the habitat! datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this genus.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species … The common name dandelion (/ˈdændɪlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the g… Tim Rich has set out a few Taraxacum dos and don'ts to help you get started, but if you're only just beginning to identify wild plants, we'd suggest that you get some of the more user-friendly genera under your belt first, before you start tackling dandelions. You can view Josh's slides here: You can change your mind by clicking a link we put in the emails. It was reported that by 1672, the plant was well established in New England . Together with Hieracium (hawkweeds) and Rubus (blackberries), Taraxacum  is probably the most challenging genus that British and Irish botanists encounter. A perennial with a stout taproot, dandelion is abundant everywhere but prefers chalks and loamy soils above pH 7.0. BSBI Handbook No. - the length & width of the involucral bracts, their colour (all green, suffused purple, red-tipped, etc. Commonly considered a weed, young dandelions provide excellent salad leaves (though larger, older leaves become bitter). Leaves must be flattened individually, and heads pressed from the side.  Small leaves and buds in the rosette may be removed. An excellent way to absorb dandelion’s vitamins A, C, B, and K is to create a standard decoction of the root.. Dandelions mostly occur in disturbed habitats such as pastures, roadside verges, lawns, tracks, paths and waste ground. Dandelion is common in pastures, lawns, orchards, hay fields, waste ground and roadsides. Dahlst. Collect until mid-late flowering period only. Of the nine British sections, Sections Taraxacum, Obliqua and Palustria are all very restricted ecologically and contain very few species. A favourite food of pet rabbits and guinea pigs, Dandelion leaves may also be added to salads to add an extra, slightly bitter flavour. Particularly useful are pictures of involucres in late bud, the attitude of the ligules underneath, and the colour of the outside of the petiole. The common dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver-tufted fruits that disperse in the wind. Sign up here to receive emails about plants and Plantlife’s work. in the field) as the leaves curl very rapidly. Share on Pinterest. If you are harvesting the roots in spring, keep in mind that they are less medicinally active than if you were harvesting them in fall. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), was named after the French dent de lion, meaning lion’s tooth, which refers to its toothed leaves. There are around 30 species of dandelion that can be found all over the world. Also known as lion's tooth, priest's crown, swine's snout, fairy clock and pissenlit (pee-the-bed). The silhouettes in the. A presentation given by Tim Rich at the BSBI Recorders' Conference 2018, gives an introduction to collecting dandelion specimens. The plants are perennial and have a long tap root. Everyone knows what a dandelion looks like, but did you know that there are c250 species of dandelion recorded in Britain & Ireland? Gardeners curse them for the stubborn taproot and the many seeds that are so easily dispersed. Tim Rich has set out a few Taraxacum dos and don'ts to help you get started, but if you're only just beginning to identify wild plants, we'd suggest that you get some of the more user-friendly genera under your belt first, before you start tackling dandelions. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. If leaves become curled and flaccid, the whole plant may be immersed in water for up to 24 hours until it is again fully turgid. There are perhaps 20-30 species which are easily and reliably learnt (e.g. Both species are edible in their entirety. Even then, be prepared not to name a substantial proportion of material. Dandelion, weedy perennial herb of the genus Taraxacum of the family Asteraceae, native to Eurasia but widespread throughout much of temperate North America. whether erect, spreading, or recurved). the attitude and dimensions of the outer involucral bracts (i.e. March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October. We promise not to pass on your details to anyone else. It is not possible to identify a Dandelion to species from a single photograph. A thorough study of one’s local ‘patch’ might eventually yield 80-100 species, and casual introductions from elsewhere in Europe are always a possibility. It may be that the Dandelion you see most often is Taraxacum officinale, the Common Dandelion, however there are more than 230 species of Dandelion in the UK and the differences between them are small and very complex.. By its nature, the sectional division of Taraxacum produces much more “fuzzy” categories than the species or genus, hence the sections must be keyed out using as many characters as possible, including ecological ones. T. faeroense (Dahlst.) Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale ). Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. Section Hamata appears to be a fairly homogeneous group but it has affinities with Section Celtica and, in certain cases, some species could fit fairly happily into either section. Dandelion (Taraxacum Officinale) - What many consider to be an obnoxious weed is actually a versatile herb that many gardeners enjoy in their herb gardens! They have milky latex, and a basal rosette of leaves, lobed or unlobed. The Dandelion herb plant grows from a tightly formed rosette and has a deep, twisted tap root that is rather brittle and breaks easily. BSBI members have exclusive access to a network of 100+ expert referees for difficult plant groups. In most parts of the world, dandelion is known as weed. Dandelions of Great Britain and Ireland: A.A. Dudman & A.J. While you're getting started with dandelion identification, there are groups and individuals on social media who will help. Our enquiries email and phone line are open Monday to Friday, 10am - 7pm. Common Types of Dandelion Plants. Dandelion – the ubiquitous weed – is a flowering plant belonging to the Asteraceae family. There are around 200 similar microspecies of the Dandelion genus in Britain, which really require an expert to identify them. Many different things have to be taken into account. Britain has about 240 different species of dandelion, and since I started questioning my wanton destruction of these plants, I have discovered six of them. Dandelion is a hardy perennial plant. The flowers are followed by the familiar fluffy seed-heads often referred to as ‘clocks’. The most familiar species is T. officinale. A grass meadow in Spring beautified by thousands of dandelions. Plants are best preserved if pressed immediately after collection (i.e. Pollinators love them for the nectar and pollen they provide early in the year. This will mean a change of paper at least once a day, preferably twice, and the press near a source of gentle heat (e.g. Botanical Society of Britain & Ireland, 29 West Farm Court, Broompark, Durham DH7 7RN. During the Second World War, when coffee was almost unobtainable, a substitute was made from the roasted and ground roots of Dandelions. The key to the nine Sections in the Handbook, and the key in Stace’s New Flora of the British Isles are essentially identical, and allow some provisional groupings to be made. OK, if you need another, ‘dandelion’ is actually a catch-all family name for over 200 micro-species which are found in the UK. As mentioned above, this introduced European perennial is loaded with medicinal properties. by Dave Walker, UK One of the pleasures of studying the macroscopic and microscopic world, is that even the most common plants can provide a wealth of interesting features when viewed in 'close-up'. Just by blowing the puffball, the head flies away spreading a couple hundred seeds up to hundred of miles away depending on the wind strength. Dandelion Varieties. The other three largely native sections, Sections Naevosa, Celtica and Erythrosperma each contain substantial numbers of species.  Of the more ‘weedy’ sections with many casuals and likely introductions, Section Ruderalia contains about half the known species in Britain. Our illustrations are shown to represent the group. Rapid drying is essential if the true colours are to be preserved. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. diameter of the head when fully open (usually in sunshine). 1 Dandelion root has also traditionally been used to make a coffee substitute. Please note that each and every hedgerow item you come across may vary in appearance to these photos. ScienceDaily . The leaves are dark green, long and lance-shaped. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. It's best to examine only well-grown, typical individuals just before and during early flowering (a window of about a month, although this extends with increasing altitude). On 25th April, ecologist and BSBI member Josh Styles hosted a free online introductory course to dandelion identification. Alan Punton/A to Z Botanical Collection. There are up to two hundred and thirty five micro species of dandelion all lumped under the Taraxacum officinale name. Beginning with this image of a lush dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), we can see lots of flower heads and a number of new heads forming, along with some closed heads which bloomed recently. Updated April 29, 2020 The majority of dandelions in this country are the Taraxacum officinale species - Wiki suggests there are over 100 species from wikipedia, here are some others: Selected species [ edit] The creature gets its name from its resemblance to the 'spent heads' of the dandelion flower, which specifically addresses a Rhodaliidae species called Thermopalia taraxaca, the expert notes. Can be found almost anywhere and at any time of year. Dandelion is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. 9. dandelion. Tim Rich's presentation gives an introduction to dandelion sections and what to look for. Purslane can often be found in moist garden beds, lawns, and shady areas, where it lies … ), and whether bordered. Purslane. Dandelion seeds will grow everywhere, and they are easy to establish and maintain. Indeed, ecological characters are very significant for, given the habitat or locality, one can expect to find members of certain sections. New Year Plant Hunt goes ahead in 2021 but you MUST stay safe! If possible include both flowering and fruiting heads (especially Sect. For anyone who is serious about identifying dandelions, there is no substitute for developing a comprehensive herbarium of well-preserved material named by a recognised authority who is going to want to see specimens that have been carefully selected in the field and pressed for later reference. Plants should be well-grown, and not from shaded, heavily-trodden, mown or grazed areas, or diseased. Your welcome pack will include a copy of the BSBI Yearbook with full contact details for every single referee, along with notes on the material they require in order to make an identification. Together with Hieracium (hawkweeds) and Rubus (blackberries), Taraxacum is probably the most challenging genus that British and Irish botanists encounter.

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